Definition of the Chisholm Trail from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

the Chisholm Trail

 
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(in the American West) a route along which cows were driven to eastern markets in the late 19th century. It was also called 'the long drive'. About two million cattle went along the Trail, from south Texas to Abilene, Kansas, where they were put on trains to Chicago. It was named after Jesse Chisholm (1806-68), a scout (= a person who goes ahead to check the route and look for dangers).