born James Scott (1649-85) an illegitimate son of Charles II who became a duke in 1663. Powerful people who were against the idea of a Catholic becoming king after Charles II supported him because he was a Protestant rather than Charle II's brother, the Catholic Duke of York. Charles, however, wanted his brother to become king after him. A short time after James did become king, in 1685, the Duke of Monmouth started a rebellion but received little support. He was defeated at the Battle of Sedgemoor and had his head cut off. His supporters were very harshly treated by Judge Jeffreys at the Bloody Assizes.