Definition of the Hudson River School from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

the Hudson River School

 
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a group of 19th-century artists, some of whom were born in Europe, who painted romantic landscapes (= pictures of the countryside) in the US, including in the Hudson River Valley. The paintings led Americans to see their country in a new way. The founder of the group was Thomas Cole and it also included Asher Durand, Albert Bierstadt and Frederic Church.
The true province of landscape art is the work of God in the visible creation, independent of man.
Asher Durand