Definition of the Industrial Revolution noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

the Industrial Revolution

 noun
noun
BrE
 
; NAmE
 
[singular]
 
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the period in the 18th and 19th centuries in Europe and the US when machines began to be used to do work, and industry grew rapidly Culture Britain was the first country to change from being largely an agricultural country to being an industrial one. During this time, many important machines were invented. These were mostly made possible by the discovery of steam power from coal and the invention of the steam engine, which allowed one person to do what before had required many workers. As a result, big factories were built which could produce a wide variety of goods in large quantities. New methods of transport, in particular canals and railways, were developed for transporting coal and goods from place to place. During the Industrial Revolution, the populations of cities grew rapidly as people moved from the countryside to work in factories and Britain became known as the ‘workshop of the world’. The same kind of development soon began in other countries in Europe and in the US. see also Ironbridge
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: the Industrial Revolution