a Scottish political party which wants Scotland to be an independent nation Culture The SNP was formed in 1934 and its aim is to achieve independent government for Scotland (not simply a separate Scottish parliament within the UK). Its leader since 2004 has been Alex Salmond, who also led the party between 1990 and 2000. In the election of 2007 it won power in the Scottish Parliament, becoming the official party of government. The SNP succeeded in obtaining a referendum in 2014 asking the people of Scotland whether they wanted Scotland to become an independent country. The result was that the people chose to remain part of the United Kingdom.