Definition of toll noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    toll

     noun
    noun
    BrE BrE//təʊl//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//toʊl//
     
    Controlling traffic, Natural disasters, Phone services
     
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  1. 1[countable] money that you pay to use a particular road or bridge motorway tolls a toll road/bridge Synonymsratecharge fee rent fine fare toll rentalThese are all words for an amount of money that is charged or paid for something.rate a fixed amount of money that is asked or paid for something:a low hourly rate of pay interest ratescharge an amount of money that is asked for goods or services:an admission chargefee (rather formal) an amount of money that you have to pay for professional advice or services, to go to a school or college, or to join an organization:legal fees an annual membership fee rent an amount of money that you regularly have to pay for use of a building or room. In American English, rent can be used to mean rental:The weekly rent on the car was over $300.fine a sum of money that must be paid as punishment for breaking a law or rule:a parking finefare the money that you pay to travel by bus, plane, taxi, etc.toll an amount of money that you have to pay to use a particular road or bridge.rental an amount of money that you have to pay to use something for a particular period of time.rent or rental?In British English rent is only money paid to use a building or room: for other items use rental. In American English rent can be used for both, but rental is still more common for other items.Patterns (a) rate/​charge/​fee/​rent/​fine/​fare/​toll/​rental for something (a) rate/​charge/​fee/​rent/​toll/​rental on something at a rate/​charge/​fee/​rent/​fare/​rental of… for a charge/​fee to pay (a) rate/​charge/​fee/​rent/​fine/​fare/​toll/​rental to charge (a) rate/​fee/​rent/​fare/​toll/​rental Wordfinderclamp, cone, contraflow, pedestrian, roadworks, speed hump, tailback, toll, traffic, zebra crossing See related entries: Controlling traffic
  2. 2[countable, usually singular] the amount of damage or the number of deaths and injuries that are caused in a particular war, disaster, etc. The official death toll has now reached 7 000. the war’s growing casualty toll Every hour, the news bulletin reported the mounting toll of casualties. See related entries: Natural disasters
  3. 3[singular] the sound of a bell ringing with slow regular strokes
  4. 4[countable] (North American English) a charge for a telephone call that is calculated at a higher rate than a local call See related entries: Phone services
  5. Word Originnoun senses 1 to 2 and noun sense 4 Old English (denoting a charge, tax, or duty), from medieval Latin toloneum, alteration of late Latin teloneum, from Greek telōnion ‘toll house’, from telos ‘tax’. Sense (2) (late 19th cent.) arose from the notion of paying a toll or tribute in human lives (to an adversary or to death). noun sense 3 late Middle English: probably a special use of dialect toll ‘drag, pull’.Extra examples The casualty toll could reach 200. The death toll from yesterday’s crash is still rising. The death toll stands at 37. The latest estimates put the death toll at 15 000. The pressure of fame can take a terrible toll. The recession is taking its toll. This brings the death toll to 86. the possibility of imposing tolls on some motorways Is San Jose to San Mateo a toll call? She took enough money to pay for motorway tolls and ferry tickets. a toll road/​bridgeIdioms
    take a heavy toll (on somebody/something), take its toll (on somebody/something)
     
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    to have a bad effect on somebody/something; to cause a lot of damage, deaths, suffering, etc. Illness had taken a heavy toll on her. The recession is taking its toll on the housing markets.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: toll