Definition of translation noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    translation

     noun
    noun
    BrE BrE//trænsˈleɪʃn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//trænsˈleɪʃn//
     
    ; BrE BrE//trænzˈleɪʃn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//trænzˈleɪʃn//
     
     
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  1. 1  [uncountable] translation (from something) (into something) | translation (of something) (into something) the process of changing something that is written or spoken into another language an error in translation He specializes in translation from Danish into English. The book loses something in translation. The irony is lost in translation.
  2. 2  [countable, uncountable] a text or work that has been changed from one language into another The usual translation of ‘glasnost’ is ‘openness’. a rough translation (= not translating everything exactly) a literal translation (= following the original words exactly) a free translation (= not following the original words exactly) a word-for-word translation I have only read Tolstoy in translation. a copy of Dryden’s translation of the Aeneid
  3. 3[uncountable] translation (of something) into something the process of changing something into a different form the translation of theory into practice the translation of sporting potential into Olympic gold medals
  4. Word Origin Middle English: from Old French, or from Latin translatio(n-), from translat- ‘carried across’, past participle of transferre, from trans- ‘across’ + ferre ‘to bear’.Extra examples I have a translation to do for Friday. I read the book in translation, not in the original Norwegian. I’ve got this translation to do for Friday. She tried making her own translation of the contract. She tried making her own translation of the sign without consulting a dictionary. Simultaneous translation into English is available to delegates. The irony is lost in translation. The poems do not survive the translation into English. The translation of the Latin motto reads ‘Not for oneself, but for others’. There will be simultaneous translation in English and Chinese. advances in machine translation
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: translation