Definition of trauma noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//ˈtrɔːmə//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈtraʊmə//
    Injuries, Mental and emotional problems
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  1. 1[uncountable] (psychology) a mental condition caused by severe shock, especially when the harmful effects last for a long time the effects of trauma and stress on the body The children showed no signs of trauma after their ordeal. See related entries: Mental and emotional problems
  2. 2[countable, uncountable] an unpleasant experience that makes you feel upset and/or anxious She felt exhausted after the traumas of recent weeks.
  3. 3[uncountable, countable] (medical) an injury The patient suffered severe brain trauma. See related entries: Injuries
  4. Word Originlate 17th cent.: from Greek, literally ‘wound’.Extra examples patients who have histories of childhood trauma It can take a long time to get over such a trauma. We try to avoid putting children through the trauma of giving evidence.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: trauma