Definition of yard noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    yard

     noun
    noun
    BrE BrE//jɑːd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//jɑːrd//
     
    Parts of boats and ships, In the garden
     
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  1. 1  (British English) an area outside a building, usually with a hard surface and a surrounding wall the prison yard The children were playing in the yard at the front of the school. see also backyard
  2. 2  (North American English) (British English garden) a piece of land next to or around your house where you can grow flowers, fruit, vegetables, etc., usually with a lawn (= an area of grass) see also backyard See related entries: In the garden
  3. 3  (usually in compounds) an area of land used for a special purpose or business a boat yard You will find other compounds ending in yard at their place in the alphabet. Synonymsfactoryplant mill works yard workshop foundryThese are all words for buildings or places where things are made or where industrial processes take place.factory a building or group of buildings where goods are made:a chocolate/​cigarette/​clothing factoryplant a factory or place where power is produced or an industrial process takes place:a nuclear power plant a manufacturing plantmill a factory that produces a particular type of material:a cotton/​paper/​textile/​woollen millworks (often in compounds) a place where things are made or an industrial process takes place:a brickworks a steelworks Raw materials were carried to the works by barge.yard (usually in compounds) an area of land used for building something:a shipyardworkshop a room or building in which things are made or repaired using tools or machinery:a car repair workshopfoundry a factory where metal or glass is melted and made into different shapes or objects:an iron foundryPatterns a car/​chemical/​munitions factory/​plant an engineering plant/​works to manage/​run a factory/​plant/​mill/​works/​yard/​workshop/​foundry to work in/​at a factory/​plant/​mill/​yard/​workshop/​foundry factory/​mill/​foundry owners/​managers/​workers
  4. 4   (abbreviation yd) a unit for measuring length, equal to 3 feet (36 inches) or 0.9144 of a metre
  5. 5(specialist) a long piece of wood fastened to a mast that supports a sail on a boat or ship See related entries: Parts of boats and ships
  6. Word Origin senses 4 to 5 Old English gerd (in sense (5)), of West Germanic origin; related to Dutch gard ‘twig, rod’ and German Gerte. senses 1 to 3 Old English geard ‘building, home, region’, from a Germanic base related to Russian gorod ‘town’. Compare with garden and orchard.Extra examples He entered the yard through the back gate. I held a yard sale to get rid of my old stuff. I left our school yard at recess and ran home. I’ve landscaped my tiny front yard with tall grasses. Most of the yard was covered with leaves. My next-door neighbor was watering her yard. She was standing in the yard. The company is heading for the knacker’s yard. The first Bush-Cheney yard sign appeared on my street last week. The front yard is fenced for privacy. The outside yard was decorated with orange lights. The prisoners were taken to the exercise yard. The steam tug was on her way to the breaker’s yard at the end of her naval service. The yard was enclosed by a high wire fence. We crossed the yard to my house. a horse condemned to the knacker’s yard kids playing in the school yard salvage yards with cars that are being sold for parts the huge bay window overlooking the yard wood from a lumber yard I had to cut the grass in the yard. The prisoners were made to line up in the prison yard. They have a gorgeous old oak tree in their front yard. They rode out of the stable yard. a construction yardIdioms
    give somebody an inch (and they’ll take a mile/yard)
     
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    (saying) used to say that if you allow some people a small amount of freedom or power they will see you as weak and try to take a lot more
    (informal, especially North American English) everything, or a situation which includes everything When Dan cooks dinner he always goes the whole nine yards, with three courses and a choice of dessert.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: yard